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Home      Food      Nutrients in cucumber

Nutrients in cucumber

Organic CucumberEverything you need to know about nutrients in cucumber
Is the cucumber fruit or vegetable? What are cucumber nutrients?
These are just a couple of questions this page will attempt to answer...
In fact, the cucumber is a fruit that originates from the same family as pumpkins, courgettes and other squashes.
Its thick skin is a deep green in colour and its flesh is white and succulent.
It is versatile and the nutritional value of cucumbers is higher than most people expect. In addition to its use in cooking, it can be used in beauty treatments containing cucumber, health supplements or as a dietary aid for various ailments.

Cucumber nutritional value - nutrients in cucumber per 100g:

  • Vitamin A - 180 IU
  • Niacin - Trace
  • Vitamin C - 9 mg
  • Calcium - 32 mg
  • Iron - 1.8 mg
  • Phosphorus - 27 mg
  • Potassium - 80 mg
  • Carbohydrates - 17 gm
  • Calories - 70
Cucumbers are mainly eaten green in their unripened state. The ripe yellow form is normally too bitter and sour to eat. Cucumbers a generally eaten sliced, with the dark green skin in tact. The intense green of the cucumber skin is due to chlorophyll, which is considered an effective body cleanser.
Cucumbers have a very high water content, around 96%, which makes them an excellent source for rehydration. As cucumber is naturally very cooling, due to its high water content, it is tradition in some countries to eat cucumber sandwiches in the summer months. In Britain cucumber sandwiches are traditionally served as a light snack.
They are made with thin slices of cucumber placed between two slices of buttered bread, normally white. For increased nutrients in cucumber sandwiches, they can be made with wholemeal bread, incorporating additional fillings as required.
Cucumber sandwiches contain little protein and so are generally not considered substantial enough to be eaten in place of a full meal.

Cucumber health

Cucumbers are:
-LOW in Saturated Fat, Cholesterol, and Sodium
-HIGH in Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Potassium, Vitamin A, Pantothenic Acid, Magnesium, Phosphorus and Manganese

Cucumber health benefits

The cucumber is considered benificial in several medical conditions and diseases due to its natural properties.
Natural cucumber health benefits have been noted due to the following:
  • It is an effective natural diuretic, promoting the flow of urine.
  • Helps in kidney and urinary bladder disease, liver disease, pancreatic disease.
  • Its naturally high potassium content makes it effective as part of treatment for high blood pressure.
  • It contains erepsin, an enzyme known to help in the digestion of protein.
  • A mixture of cucumber juice with carrot juice is said to be beneficial for rheumatic conditions resulting from excessive uric acid in the body.
  • Cucumber juice has also been known to help diseases of the teeth and gums.
  • It also thought to be beneficial in diabetes.
Cucumber Health

Organic cucumbers

As cucumber health benefits appear so evident, many people have turned to growing their own organic cucumbers.
There are several varieties of organic cucumbers, including those grown for pickling, and all should be grown during the summer months - the hotter, the better for organic cucumbers.
The soil should be rich in nutrients, but not too high in nitrates or other additives.
Trellising with string is an effective way to train the cucumber vine, encouraging it to grow upwards. Plenty of water and a little organic soil should ensure optimum growth. At harvest time, pick frequently. If the cucumbers grow and are not picked, it can strain the plant.


For more information on cucumber health, the benefits of nutrients in cucumber and fruits and vegetables nutrition in general - see links at the top of the page.

Useful links to nutrition websites
Nutrients in Cucumber at Wikipedia Cucumber Health Recipes from the BBC

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